The good news is that OSHA’s intention is to protect employees from workplace injuries; therefore, following OSHA’s rules can help create a safer work environment for your employees and, in turn, lower your workers compensation insurance premiums.
We’re here to help you better understand OSHA, its rules and regulations, and to help your business comply with them.
OSHA, established in 1971, is a government agency that is part of the US Department of Labor. Its primary purpose is “to assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance.” OSHA’s rules and regulations cover most private sector employers and their workers along with some public sector workers.
Since OSHA was established, workplace injuries, illnesses, and deaths have decreased significantly. “Although accurate statistics were not kept at the time, it is estimated that in 1970 around 14,000 workers were killed on the job. That number fell to approximately 4,340 in 2009,” according to OSHA. “At the same time, U.S. employment has almost doubled and now includes over 130 million workers at more than 7.2 million worksites. Since the passage of the OSH Act, the rate of reported serious workplace injuries and illnesses has declined from 11 per 100 workers in 1972 to 3.6 per 100 workers in 2009.”
Fewer workplace injuries and illnesses not only lower insurance premiums, but they also create healthier workplaces and happier employees.
OSHA Employer Responsibilities
As an employer, it is your responsibility to provide a safe workplace that is free from OSHA-recognized hazards. Here are three ways to do that:
- Use color codes, posters, labels or signs to warn employees of potential hazards.
- Establish and update operating procedures and safety training and make sure your employees understand them.
- Ensure that employees have safe tools and equipment that is properly maintained.
It is also your responsibility to follow OSHA requirements, which include the following:
- Post the OSHA poster that informs employees of their rights and responsibilities in a prominent location.
- Report all work-related injuries to the nearest OSHA office within eight hours.
- Keep records of all work-related injuries and illnesses and ensure that employees and their representatives can easily obtain employee medical records.
- Post and correct cited OSHA violations.
OSHA also encourages all employers to adopt an Injury and Illness Prevention Program. Click here to learn more about your OSHA responsibilities.
Employee ComplaintsThere are two main types of complaints employees can file with OSHA against your company as his or her employer:
Safety and health complaint
If an employee believes their work environment is unsafe or detrimental to their health, they can file a confidential report with OSHA requesting an inspection of their workplace.
Protection from retaliation complaint
If an employee who submits a complaint to OSHA feels they have been retaliated against, they can file this type of complaint with OSHA.
Your best defense against both of these complaints is to do your best to create a safe work environment, follow OSHA’s rules and regulations, and keep an open line of communication with your employees.
OSHA can inspect your worksite for any number of reasons including a complaint from an employee; after a severe injury or illness; a referral of a hazard from another federal, state, or local agency, or individual; or if you’re in a high-hazard industry or have experienced a high rate of injuries.
Typically, employers are not notified of an inspection in advance; however, understanding the process can take some of the stress out of the experience.
Before conducting an inspection, OSHA compliance officers research the inspection history of the worksite.
The compliance officer will explain why OSHA selected the workplace for inspection and describe the scope of the inspection, walkaround procedures, employee representation and employee interviews. Both the employer and employee can have a representative accompany the officer during the inspection.
The compliance officer and the representatives will then walk through the portions of the workplace covered by the inspection, inspecting for OSHA violations and hazards that could lead to employee injury or illness.
After the walkaround, the compliance officer holds a closing conference with the employer and the employee representatives to discuss their findings.
Start Saving on Workers Compensation Insurance Today
Understanding OSHA’s rules and regulations can help keep your employees safer, reduce the chance of an inspection and potential fines, and reduce workers comp insurance costs.
To learn how your business can save on workers compensation and all other commercial insurance costs, call our experienced independent agents at American Insuring Group at (800) 947-1270 or (610) 775-3848 or connect with us online.
Our independence allows us to compare coverage from competing insurance carriers, so you can be confident of receiving the best deal on the right protection for your business in Philadelphia, Reading, Allentown and far beyond!